Fiduciary law in civil courts, usually including continental Europe, exists only in a limited number of jurisdictions (e.g.B. Curaçao, Liechtenstein and Sint Maarten). However, the trust may be recognized as an instrument of foreign law in cases of conflict of laws, for example within the Brussels (Europe) regime and the parties to the Hague Convention. In the past, concerns about tax evasion have been one of the reasons why European countries that have a civil law system are reluctant to set up trusts.  Roman law had a well-developed concept of trust (fideicommissum) with respect to «testamentary trusts» created by wills, but never developed the concept of inter vivo (living) trusts that apply while the Creator lives. This was created by subsequent ordinary jurisdictions. The right of personal guardianship developed in England at the time of the Crusades of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. In medieval English fiduciary law, the settlor was known as feoffor for uses, while the agent was known as feoffee for uses and the beneficiary was known as cestui que use or cestui que trust. In such cases, you can continue to execute agreements on behalf of the company.
However, they rely on the common law rules with respect to the intent to enter into legal relationships and the power of individuals to enter into agreements on behalf of businesses. Using the previous example of the sole director, customary law would generally accept the power of a single director to retain his company and maintain agreements as properly executed. A legal trust may also be offered on a flexible appointment/appreciation basis, provided that the only potential beneficiaries are the spouse/life partner and children of the Settlors. The use of trusts as a means of haunting important assets may be associated with certain negative connotations; Some beneficiaries, who are able to live comfortably on fiduciary income without having to work, may jokingly be referred to as «baby trust funds» (regardless of age) or «trustafarians».  According to the Common Reporting Standard Decree, a trust would, in most cases, be classified as either a reporting financial institution (FI) or a passive non-financial entity (passive NFE). If the trust is an IF, the trust or trustee is required to report to its local tax authority in Cyprus with respect to the accounts to be reported. At that time, land ownership in England was based on the feudal system. When a landowner left England to fight in the Crusades, he ceded ownership of his land in his absence to manage the property and pay and receive feudal contributions, provided that the property was transferred upon his return. However, the Crusaders were often met with the refusal to hand over the goods on their return. Unfortunately for the cruise line, English customary law did not recognize its claim.
For the king`s courts, the land belonged to the mandatary, who was not obliged to return it. The cruise line had no legal rights. The angry cruise line then asked the king who was going to refer the matter to his chancellor of the Lord. The Lord`s Chancellor could decide a matter according to his conscience. It was at this time that the principle of justice was born. Cyprus does not limit the duration of an international trust and can be established for an indefinite period.  Note: It is also important to know that some specific transactions have special legal requirements. These requirements define how agreements are executed correctly. This will be the case, for example, with certain real estate transactions and the constitution of wills. There are cases where a company may appoint representatives or agents to perform contracts on behalf of the company….