2. Paragraph 1 shall not affect the right of any Contracting Party to extend the stay of an alien in its territory beyond three months in exceptional circumstances or in accordance with a bilateral agreement concluded before the entry into force of this Convention. Indeed, the Schengen agreements paved the way for Schengen visa waiver. Although this is not part of the initial provisions of the agreement, visitors from the fifteen aforementioned countries now only need a visa for all. The Schengen visa can allow non-members of the European Union to travel freely through the countries participating in the program. Differences of opinion between member states led to an impasse over the abolition of border controls within the Community, but in 1985 five of the then ten Member States – Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and West Germany – signed an agreement on the phasing out of checks at common borders. The agreement was signed on the princess marie-astrid boat on the Moselle, near the city of Schengen, Luxembourg, where the territories of France, Germany and Luxembourg meet. Three of the signatories, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands, had already abolished common border controls within the framework of the Benelux Economic Union. [Citation required] The Schengen Agreement comprises two separate agreements, ratified in 1985 and 1990 respectively. Together, they have abolished border controls and greatly facilitated transit across Europe. The two individual agreements stated: 1.
Any Member State of the European Communities may become a party to this Convention. Accession shall be the subject of an agreement between that State and the Contracting Parties. 3. Paragraph 2 shall not apply to agreements on local border traffic in so far as such agreements comply with the derogations and regulations adopted pursuant to Article 3 (1). 2. Such an agreement shall be subject to ratification, acceptance or approval by the acceding State and by each Contracting Party. It shall enter into force on the first day of the second month following the deposit of the final instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval. 1. The Contracting Parties may conclude bilateral agreements providing for the secondment of liaison officers from one Contracting Party to the police services of another Contracting Party for a specified or indefinite period. . .